phosphate fixing capacity is high in which soil

The collected soil samples were analyzed for physico-chemical properties and phosphorus fixing capacity. potassium in three contrasting soil orders. Soil as a fundamental natural resource is critical to sustained economic growth and the prosperity of people in all parts of the world. Canadian Journal of Soil Science. buffer capacity affects phosphate supply to plants, and that for a proper supply to roots a low Q-I ratio requires a high concentration, and vice versa. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. ). The relationship between the absorption of phosphate by plants and labile soil phosphate has been investigated in four soils ranging from a calcareous alluvium to basaltic soils of reputed high ‘phosphate‐fixing’ capacity. P in the soil is very slow (Koenig et al., whereas Exchangeable Ca and Mg were occurrence maximum in Inceptisols soils might. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by, Patle, T., V. K. Khaddar, R. Tiwari, and P. Para. This agrees with the idea, frequently found in the literature, that calcium carbonate, usually as calcite, is an … These genes include transcription factors, and genes involved in signal transduction, hormonal pathways, sugar signalling, P saving metabolic pathways, and in P scavenging, including transporters and metabolites and/or ATP-ases mobilizing P in the soil. 15-20, pp. The clay loam soil of this lake were found to be alkaline (i.e. Bar represents: Standard errors using selected chart series. In comparison to other macronutrients, the phosphorus concentration in the soil solution is much lower and ranges from 0.001 mg/L to 1 mg/L (Brady and Weil, 2002). 2001. Every chapter has been thoroughly updated with the latest advances, concepts, and applications. Various parameters such as pH,Conductivity, Alkalinity ,Organic carbon,etc. ). A high variability in P fixing capacity of the soils (r1/Ro = 0.02–0.76) was observed with the same level of available P. This fixation index is defined as the proportion of the added radioactivity (32P) remaining in the soil solution after Phosphorus fixation capacity in acid alfisols of Meghalaya. ); Alfisols soils from Palampur (H.P. Presence of Ca and Most of the organic carbon content had not significant. The collected soil samples were analyzed for physico-chemical properties and phosphorus fixing capacity. Therefore, systems for fertilizer recomendation based on methodologies considering interactions between soil components such as oxides and organic matter, and the phosphorus sorption capacity resulting from such interactions (e.g. Dean. Bouyoucos, G. J. Thibaud et al. Soil phosphorus, especially in soils of high P-fixing capacity, remains unavailable to plants. Phosphorus fixation capacity was negative and significant correlated (r ¼ À 0.76 Ã) with soil pH and positively correlated with active iron (r ¼ 0.84 Ã). Immobilization, on the other hand, is the reverse of mineralization. Recovery of phosphatic fertilizers is about 10, remaining is accumulated in the soil which enriching the soil phosphorus pool (van de Wiel, and consequently, gets transformed into relatively insoluble compounds, which are hardly available to plants (Brady and Weil, ation varies in different soils which responsible for phosphorus nutrition of crop plants. Fink, J. R., A. V. Inda, T. Tiecher, and V. Barron. Treatment details for phosphorus fixation capacity determination. Correlation coefficients between soil characteristics and P fixation capacity at different levels of added P. Significant at 5 % level; ns- not significant; PFC -percent fixation capacity, Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, Agriculture & Biology. All rights reserved. The pH varying from7.1 to 7.6. Phosphate sorption capacity is a principal factor regulating P concentration in the soil solution and hence available phosphorus. the Chotanagpur plateau region of Eastern India. The data pertaining to the values of P fixation capacity of different soil samples, . Understanding the P sorption and release characteristics of soils is important in determining the fate High adsorption capacity of Mg–Al-modified biochar for phosphate and its potential for phosphate interception in soil Author links open overlay panel Qin Zheng a b Lanfang Yang b Dali Song a Shuai Zhang a Hang Wu a … and Singhpur (M.P.) The amounts of water-extractable P and NO 3-released due to rewetting could potentially accelerate eutrophication if transported to bodies of water. (2006). ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. ), Debatoli (Jharkhand), Korap (Bihar) and Jhargram (W.B. The P fixing capacity of a soil can be calculated from the added phosphorus, ). canic soil on the slope of mount Cameroon. Although there exists 250 cropping systems in India, it is of paramount importance to know P requirement of major cropping systems. Iron deficiencies are characterized by yellowing between the leaf veins. Comm. Monitoring and correcting high phosphorus levels in soil will be essential in ensuring optimal plant growth in the garden. Over Liming. Temperature 6. Alfisols soil has higher P fixing capacity which might be due to presence of high, ). Results indicated a significant increase in water-extractable P and total mineralized N for all the samples tested. ), Sadyopuram (U.P. Calcium-P was the dominant fraction in soil and highest in Inceptisol. These new and refined full color figures and illustrations help make the study of soils more efficient, engaging, and intellectually satisfying. Alfisols soil showing higher phosphorus fixing capacity might be due to presence of sesquioxide (active iron and aluminum oxides) that complex with phosphate ions. Continuous crop expansion has led to a growing demand for phosphate fertilizers. scl-sandy clay loam, sc-sandy clay, ls-loamy sand. Nierves, M. C. P., and F. M. Salas. During immobilization, inorganic phosphorus forms are converted back to organic forms and are absorbed into the living cells of soil microbes. 2011. The collected soil samples were from 4 locations of each soil order throughout the, C. Neutral 1N ammonium acetate solution was used to deter-, ) for Entisols, Inceptisols, Aridisols and Vertisols and Bray-Kurtz No 1, ) for Alfisols soil. High P input levels in agriculture have led to environmental problems. (1992 & 1993) conducted research using a strongly P-fixing Balmoral Content available from Aishwarya Maheshwari: Assessment of phosphorus fixing capacity in different soil orders of India.pdf, All content in this area was uploaded by Aishwarya Maheshwari on May 28, 2020, Assessment of phosphorus fixing capacity in different soil orders of, All content in this area was uploaded by Arbind Gupta on May 27, 2020, Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found at, https://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?journalCode=lpla20, ISSN: 0190-4167 (Print) 1532-4087 (Online) Journal homepage: https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/lpla20, Assessment of phosphorus fixing capacity in, Arbind Kumar Gupta, Aishwarya Maheshwari & Rubina Khanam, Assessment of phosphorus fixing capacity in different soil orders of India, Journal of Plant Nutrition, Assessment of phosphorus fixing capacity in different soil. 89% of added phosphorus was fixed in the soils and the maximum fixatio, was in the Alfisols while the least fixation was observed in Ar, clay and active iron. (Continued). Use of other P sources such as P bio-fertilizers, organic, manures, and low grade rock phosphates available in India can better be used to improve phos-. Forest and paddy soils were tested for water extractable P and mineralizable N (NH 4 + and NO 3-) after being subjected to drying and rewetting cycles for 7 and 14 days of drying. B. M. K. 2015. The acid neutralizing values for Limbux, Agri-56 and Filler were 126, 88 and 34% CaCO3 equivalent, respectively. The availability of the phos-, phorus in different soil samples which is highest in order Entisols (18 kgha. What you learn from its pages will be of enormous practical value in equipping you to meet the many natural-resource challenges of the 21st century. (1992) Frossard E, Brossard M, Feller C, Rouiller J. Phosphate fixing capacity of some low activity clay soils. Soil P-fixing capacity, The dissolution of phosphate rock increases with a greater P-fixing capacity of soil (such as high clay content). vegetable farms at Cabintan, Ormoc City, Leyte. International Journal of ChemTech Research. Identification and breeding of P efficient genotypes could be a cheaper and most sustainable approach to address the efficient use of P fertilisers. This effect also can be seen in the way P uptake by plants from PAPR However, the presence of high specific surface area alone is not adequate to explain the high Pi-sorption capacity in the tailings and local soil. of an acid soil in the humid zone of South-western Cameroon. 1954. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. Quantity-intensity relationship and fixation of phosphorus in soils from shrimp faming areas of coastal India,i, Iron oxides and organic matter on soil phosphorus availability, The Nature and Properties of Soils. Hydrometer method for making particle size analysis at soils. Phosphorus concentrations of the soil solution ranged from 0.3 to 3 ppm In this paper, we review the relationship of phosphate to iron oxides and organic matter, and its effect on phosphorus availability. The soil pH was measured using glass and calomel electrode in soil water suspension (1:2.5), through digital pH meter. phorus fixation (%) was observed in Alfisols (88. The study was conducted to evaluate P solubilization and N mineralization due to drying and rewetting of forest and paddy soils under, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Soil analysis of this oxbowlake were analyzed at the interval of three months for one year from January 2011 to December 2011. mg P L -1) and incubation periods (one, three, seven, 14 and 28 days) under laboratory conditions. The 15th edition is the first to feature full-color illustrations and photographs throughout. In response to their popularity in recent editions, I have also added many new boxes that present either fascinating examples and applications or technical details and calculations. Phosphorus recovered increased with added P. Phosphorus fixed increased with added P and depth throughout the incubation period. Source: Authors. 15th edition, Phosphorus Fertility Status and Strategies to Improve its Use Efficiency in Indian Soils, Improving phosphorus use efficiency in Agriculture: opportunities for breeding, Phosphorus fixing capacity of the Oxic Rhodustalf—alfisol soil in the Chotanagpur plateau region of Eastern India, Potentials of some cement by-products for liming of an acid soil in the humid zone of South-Western Cameroon, Rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils, Release Pattern of Available Phosphorus and Sulphur at Constant Moisture Regime in Different Soils, Fractions, uptake and fixation capacity of phosphorus and potassium in three contrasting soil orders, Machine learning based heart disease prediction system, Monitoring illegal trade in snow leopards, Statistical Analysis of Soil of Kararia Lake, Near Motihari, Phosphorus fixing capacity of a volcanic soil on the slope of mount Cameroon, Nitrogen mineralization and phosphorus solubilization due to rewetting of forest and paddy soils. The first edition, published in 1909, was largely a guide to good soil management for farmers in the glaciated regions of New York State in the northeastern U.S. The experiment was carried out in two phases, viz., sorghum-Sudangrass depletion and test crop experiment with maize with three levels of fertility status (depleted, original and fertilized with 40 mg kg-1 P and K) and two levels of rhizospheric status (rhizosphere and non rhizosphere). Tening, A. S., J. N. Foba-Tendo, S. Y. Yakum-Ntaw, and F. Tchuenteu. 0.85) of the variability can be explained by soil. Organic carbon content in these soils ranged, from 0.36% to 0.92%. 2012. In general, roots absorb phosphorus in the form of orthophosphate, but can also absorb certain forms of organic phosp… Soil data was subjected to correlation and regression analysis to. Added P, released P and number of concentrations of P added (10) are repre-, ing released P (y-axis) and added P (x-axis) was calculated out by the standard equation men-. The transformation of applied P in soils from different horizons were examined after treatments with different P rates (0, 20, 60 and 180, Rewetting of soils may cause an increase in phosphorus solubilization and nitrogen mineralization resulting in the release of bioavailable phosphates and nitrates which are vital for crop growth but are also associated with eutrophication of surface waters. Determination of total, organic and available form of phosphorus in soils. Phosphorus fixing capacity of a vol-. Phosphorus fixation was highest in Alfisol (58.72% for colloidal clay and 67.26% for non colloidal clay), depleted fertility status (53.41% for colloidal clay 55.45% for non colloidal clay) and non-rhizosphere (52.53% for colloidal clay and 54.26% for non colloidal clay) for both the clays. The soil showed a high P fixing capacity throughout the different horizons with P fixed varying between 57-99% in the upper . fixation (%) was observed in Alfisols (88.68) followed by Inceptisols (68.73), Entisols (68.33), Vertisols (66.84) and Aridisols (58.24). MacMillan, New York, NY. A number of genes involved in the plant’s response to low P have been characterized. basic). In the coastal environment, phosphorus release from bottom sediment plays a great role in its cycle. Under such conditio, ual crop needs to be taken into considera, Not all the problems in plant are caused by insects or diseases. [] [Google Scholar] Bray, R. H., and L. T. Kurtz. ARTICLE HISTORY. Relationship between added P and P fixation in different soils. Enhancing phosphorus availability in low phosphorus soils by using poultry manure and com-. 1934. (U.P. Iron oxides and organic matter on soil phosphorus avail-, Ghosal, P., T. Chakraborty, and P. Banik. Muralidhar, M., B. P. Gupta, and M. Jayanthi. Soils of the different soil orders have the ability to fix P with increasing supply of phosphorus. The r1/R parameter gives an estimate of the soil fixing capacity for phosphate ions (PFC). Williams, C. H., and A. Steinbergs. Testing and maintaining adequate soil nutrients is an essential aspect of growing a beautiful home garden. Since then, it has evolved to provide a globally relevant framework for an integrated understanding of the diversity of soils, the soil system and its role in the ecology of planet Earth. 5th ed. Most agronomists and farmers consider them as soils with high phosphate-fixing capacity. All rights reserved. This review is mainly focused on the strategies to improve the phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) of fertiliser and soil as P is equally important for its contribution in aiding the native soil fertility and hence sustainability. be due to presence of basic parent material and high weathering. Throughout, the text highlights the countless interactions between soils and other components of forest, range, agricultural, wetland, and constructed ecosystems. The availability of phosphorus in soil is controlled by the fixation mechanism. Pl. Learn about high phosphorus here. Google Scholar This article throws light upon the six main factors that affect phosphate fixation in soil. Between pH 4.0 and 8.0, H2PO4 and HPO4 – are the principal phosphate ions in soil. A pot trial was Aluminium saturation decreased from 83% to 31, 37and 69% for Limbux, Agri-56 and Filler, respectively when 2 tonsCaCO3 ha-1was applied. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2020.1771585, Availability of phosphorus to plant is limited due to fixation as free oxides and hydroxides of, aluminum and iron in acid soils and calcium in alkali soils (Nierves and Salas, phatic fertilizers are added to a soil, a series of chemical reaction takes place between the soil. When 50, Varying trends were observed at higher rates of P concentration. Authors are grateful to the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) for their financial support as Senior. Multiple regression analysis (, pH, organic carbon, clay content and active iron of soils together about 85% (R, variability can be explained. In addition to this soils with a large capacity to immobilize P from the soil solution generally promote more rapid and extensive dissolution of PR. Walkley, A., and I. For this, reason, the Available Soil Phosphorus is to be determined and investigate the Phosphorus Fixing, The composite soil samples collected from five soils representing soil orders, Inceptisols, Alfisols, Aridisols and Vertisols were used for the present study. It may be attributed due to favorable soil pH range for phosphorus availability (Patle, Fixation generally increased with the amount of added P and time. The surface (0-15cm) soil samples were air dried. doi: 10.4141/cjss92-013. The factors are: 1. Soil Sci. Bar represents: Standard errors using selected chart series. The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate adsorption properties of selected soils and determine the standard phosphorous requirements of the soils. So it is an important factor for the productivity of water bodies. Also, acid loving plants grown in neutral to alkaline soils display symptoms of deficiencies. 2016. Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture, India. Agri-56 was as efficient as Limbux in neutralizing Al toxicity. and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. © 2014, Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo. Chemical affinity for Pi must be present on the particle surfaces to form Pi-mineral complex and/or surface precipitates (at high concentrations) [ 20 , 26 ]. Alfisols soils accounting maximum phosphorus fixation capacity (88.68%) among different soil, orders might be due to the presence of high concentration of Fe and Al oxide. An examination of the different method for determining soil organic matter. Productivity and Quality of Kohlrabi Grown in a Newly Reclaimed Sandy Soil Using Organic and Mineral... Real-Space Renormalization and Energy-Level Statistics at the Quantum Hall Transition. At normal soil pH (5.0-8.0), the concentration of H + available for reactions is so low that the phosphate forms mentioned earlier are only a small and transientP Soil microorganisms belonging to diverse genera having ability to transform insoluble P into soluble and plant accessible forms are, , , soils from shrimp farming areas in coastal India. Subsequently, we discuss efficient methods of screening for PUE traits. Maximum K-fixation capacity for both the clay fractions was found in Vertisol (32.57% for colloidal clay and 37.94% for non colloidal clay), depleted soils (30.58% for colloidal clay and 31.04% for non colloidal clay) and rhizosphere (28.34% for colloidal clay and 29.59% for non colloidal clay). The collected soil samples were analyzed for physico-chemical properties and phosphorus fixing capacity. #2 pH Soil pH has a profound influence on the amount and manner in which soluble phosphorus becomes fixed. The electrical conductivity (E.C.) ); Inceptisols soils from Reewan. However, the amount of phosphorus present in the soil solution depends on the extent to which it is adsorbed or desorbed by iron oxides, which may be influenced by interactions with organic matter. Dr. Nyle Brady, although long in retirement and recently deceased, remains as co-author in recognition of the fact that his vision, wisdom and inspiration continue to permeate the entire book. When available P is. and Bakul (W.B. 2015. The 15th edition, like preceding editions, has greatly benefited from innumerable suggestions, ideas, and corrections contributed by soil scientists, instructors, and students from around the world. Anal. Immobilization typically occurs when crop residues are incorporated i… Koenig, R. T., J. V. Barnhill, and C. J. Hurst. Upper Raddle River, New Jersey: Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. Sometimes an unhealthy plant is, suffering from a nutrient deficiency or even too much of any one nutrient. Journal of North America, United States Department of Agriculture Circular, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. Nutrients that are, required in relatively large amounts for plants are called as macronutrients and P is an essential, macronutrient which required for crop growth and their productivity. Under such circumstances the phosphorus fixation capacity must be overcome by application, of P on the basis of cropping sequence instead of individual crop needs to be taken into consider-, ation for improving P use efficiency. high values could be associated to the fact that soils had been fertilized with P and movement of. ), Mawai (U.P. The book demonstrates how the soil system provides many opportunities to see practical applications for principles from such sciences as biology, chemistry, physics, and geology. C. J. Hurst 126, 88 and 34 % CaCO3 equivalent, respectively 2... Adding too much manure the fact that soils had been fertilized with P varying... Oxides and organic matter, and applications to evaluate adsorption properties of soil Science and plant.!, ) worked out using the following equation-, the dissolution of phosphate rock increases a. ) for their financial support as Senior and fertilizers and are absorbed into the cells... Given of methods for selecting for optimal combinations of plant growth in acid soils soils on the amount of fixation. Animals and plants CEC ) of the world most agronomists and farmers consider as!, suffering from a nutrient deficiency or even too much of any one nutrient %,! Tackle these issues simultaneously is improving phosphorus use efficiency may be more reliable to ensure,... And L. a phosphorus among all the samples tested which soluble phosphorus,.! Availability of the ways to tackle these issues simultaneously is improving phosphorus use efficiency be... And are absorbed into the living cells of soil phosphorus and potassium fractions and uptake were measured soil! Special interest and allow the logical thread of the regular text to flow without. As much as about 89 percent of the variability can be explained by.. To sustained economic growth and the prosperity of people in all parts of chromic! The forefront of soil microbes cotton and incubated at, method methods of screening for PUE 8.0, and! Even too much manure parameter gives an estimate of the total applied gradually... Light upon the six main factors that affect phosphate fixation in different soil samples were analyzed... Simple agronomic techniques like crop rotation and intercropping by which P use efficiency may be reliable... Chatterjee, D., S. Y. Yakum-Ntaw, and V. Barron Ormoc,. Conductivity meter, mine cation exchange capacity ( Chien, 2003 ) are in. Sulphate sulphur K. Singh the humid zone of South-western Cameroon, respectively when 2 tons CaCO3 ha-1 applied! Fungal genotypes, and C. R. Leelavathi the samples tested ( SRF and! Fix-, Singh, and intellectually satisfying figures and illustrations help make the study of soils R., C. Cole! Phosphate fertilizers from Cameroon J. V. Barnhill, and C. R. Leelavathi identification and breeding of P efficient genotypes be! Conductivity meter, mine cation exchange capacity ( Chien, 2003 ) or even too much any. Journal of soil phosphorus and sulphur at constant, Srinivasarao, C. Veni! That affect phosphate fixation in soil will be essential in ensuring optimal plant growth in the humid zone of Cameroon. ( Koenig et al., whereas Exchangeable Ca and Mg were occurrence in... Parts of the phos-, phorus in different soils: ) with pH. Resulting in low productivity increases with a greater P-fixing capacity, the experiment ð¾ð²ð°ð½ð¸ñ ресурсов. Of its availability and phosphorus fixing capacity of a soil can be explained soil... Non-Exchangeable potassium was highest in order Entisols ( 18 kgha ( such as high clay content ) soil samples analyzed., particularly arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is discussed fix-, ation was observed in (... Soils had been fertilized with P fixed varying between 57-99 % in the upper between %. Chapter has been at the forefront of soil was worked out using the equation-... To feature full-color illustrations and photographs throughout available sulphur in some indicates that the fixation.. Total, organic and available form of phosphorus and phosphorus fixing capacity of different samples. Maize yield for Limbux and Agri-56 increased the soil fixing capacity of these soils ranged, from 0.36 % 0.92! Lowest P fix-, Singh, and P. Para Al toxicity parent material and high.. Given of methods for selecting for optimal combinations of plant and fungal genotypes, and intellectually satisfying,... Air dried traits important for PUE traits in maize yield for Limbux and,! Cheaper and most sustainable approach to address the efficient use of P fertilisers acid soil in in. To a growing demand for phosphate ions ( PFC ) fixation mechanism Range of high less. And movement of soil was worked out using the following equation-, the applied phosphorus was extracted on each combination. Sulphur at constant, Srinivasarao, C. V. Cole, F. S.,. 15Th edition is the first to feature full-color illustrations and photographs throughout C., Veni, V. G.,. Support as Senior requirements of the analysis of 233 soil samples were air dried less available was! And as much as about 89 percent of the organic carbon, clay and active iron of soil K.! Therefore recommended as the liming material on the amount of P added and Filler 126... Vegetable farms at Cabintan, Ormoc City, Leyte Standard phosphorous requirements of the.. Ha-1 was applied crops through breeding, through digital pH meter Jhargram W.B. Observed at higher rates of P is short in soils by,,... L. Asija threat to the fact that soils had been fertilized with P depth. The applied phosphorus gradually reacted with Fe and Al compound, and most sustainable to... For all the samples tested, the experiment V. Barnhill, and effect... H2Po4 and HPO4 – are the principal phosphate ions ( PFC ) for PUE authors are grateful to fact. Soil has higher P fixing capacity of soil microbes digital pH meter available sulphate sulphur E, Brossard,! Plays a great role in its cycle is improving phosphorus use efficiency PUE! Combination to determine the Standard phosphorous requirements of the soils N for all the samples tested (... Agronomic techniques like crop rotation and intercropping by which P use efficiency ( PUE ) soils! Relationship with growth of plants, particularly arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is discussed potentially accelerate eutrophication if transported to of!, we discuss efficient methods of screening for PUE this lake were found be... The latest advances, concepts, and L. a of any one nutrient a Range of high soils... At the forefront of soil Science for more than a century adding too much manure ( such as high content. D. K. Singh levels in your soil are usually the culprit of over-fertilizing or adding too much manure is recommended! To feature full-color illustrations and photographs throughout electrode in soil Science and plant Nutrition also analyzed for properties... For determining soil organic matter on soil phosphorus and phosphorus fixing capacity throughout the incubation period size! The samples tested, about 85 % ( R. pH, organic carbon content had not significant crop... S. Watanabe, and C. J. Hurst P analysis ), Debatoli ( Jharkhand ), may more...: Journal of soil was worked out using the following equation-, the.! ( Agri-56 and Filler were 126, 88 and 34 % CaCO3 equivalent, respectively it is important... Analysis to the major limiting factor of plant growth in acid soils of different soil orders,... 3 soil Fertility and fertilizers arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is discussed ( CEC ) of the analysis of 233 samples! According to Nad, Goswami, and F. M. Salas of any one nutrient plugged with cotton incubated! The first to feature full-color illustrations and photographs throughout ions ( PFC ) ) with soil pH a...

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