transitive and intransitive verb examples

Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive, depending on how they are used in … Get Examples: Barry arrived with moments to spare; Bruce sat way from the others. You’ve grown since I last saw you. It is transitive. She sang. An intransitive verb does not take an object. Definition: The verb in a sentence is called an intransitive verb, when it acts with an adverb, preposition, adjectives, or other parts of speech present in a sentence. Two examples of intransitive-only verbs are arrive and die. She slept. I work for a large firm in Paris.. (There is no need for a direct object). A transitive verb (something done yourself - e.g. Here, the keys serve as the object. Transitive verbs like sprain require a direct object, as in Shirley sprained her ankle; it sounds odd to say Shirley sprained." Buy – you need buy something for the verb to make sense. A light was shining. The intransitive verb is "traveled," while the word "we" is the subject. Consider how these verbs need to confer the action upon the object. (Intransitive) 8. Consider the verb to bring: The verb will not make sense if the action of the verb is not acting on something, i.e. “Smiled” is an action verb, but it doesn’t have a direct object, so it’s not a transitive verb. Read our website accessibility and accommodation statement. Note: An intransitive verb can take more than one prepositional phrase or adverb. "Most people already know something about verb constructions in the form of a dim memory of the distinction between intransitive and transitive verbs. Therefore, we can recognize an intransitive verb if it makes sense on its own (without a direct object) or is followed by an adverb or preposition. Barbara reads. When he finished the race, he barfed. (Transitive) 5. I received your letter in the morning. Give up is a phrasal verb that can function both as transitive or intransitive. 2. I have a pen. But sang is an intransitive verb in the other three examples. A transitive verb is a verb that requires an object to receive the action. Some verbs, such as arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, and die, are always intransitive; it … However, the second example shows eat as an intransitive verb. You can run without transferring the action of running on a direct object. However, there is another way to say this same idea using a prepositional phrase. Examples: 1. However, there may be other information after the verb, such as one or more prepositional phrases or an adverb. (Meaning he went away) Jeff left his backpack in the car. So, to change is an example of a verb that can be transitive or intransitive.) An intransitive verb does not have an object. Daniel drives a large truck. Daniel drives. Jose thanked Wayne. letter to express full meaning.) We added the object “a car” after the verb. They can be any verb that fulfills the criteria of not needing a direct object to confer action upon: None of the actions described above require direct objects for the action of the verb to make sense. An intransitive verb has a structure that can be easily understood within the sentence. He died. So, to recognize a transitive verb, you must understand and be able to identify that it acts on a direct object. Transitive Verb ( verbs transitive and intransitive) Transitive Verb That main verb which takes one or, more objects is called the Transitive Verb. If a Phrasal Verb in a Sentence has a direct Object, then it is Transitive; otherwise, it is Intransitive. Love – you need to love something or someone for the verb to make sense. Intransitive verbs are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object receiving the action. Example: Jeff left. The object is computer. To identify intransitive verbs, find the verb in a sentence, distinguish it from other words and address the question to the verb. There are lots of examples of transitive verbs. I woke someone up) can take on a direct object, whereas an intransitive verb (something that just happened - e.g. I am going to send her some flowers. This makes them transitive verbs: As you might guess, an intransitive verb is one that does not need to transfer action on an object in order to make sense. As mentioned above, many verbs can be transitive and intransitive, so to recognize the type of verb it is, you must look at other parts of the sentence. There is no action upon a direct object; quickly is an adverb describing the action of eating. It is intransitive and is … I walked the dogs. Verbs that don’t have a direct object are called intransitive verbs. Examples-You are a good boy. An indirect object is only needed if the action is being done to or for somebody; when using a transitive verb, you need to include a direct object, but you may not need to include an indirect object. "Sings" is transitive in this sentence-"songs" is the direct object. He’s been singing all day. Second, unlike a transitive verb, it will not have a direct object receiving the action. They can be any verb that fulfils the criteria of needing to confer action upon an object. (Simon Heffer, "Style Notes 28: February 12, 2010." Most dictionaries, such as the online version of Merriam Webster, indicate whether a verb, and each definition of the verb, is transitive or intransitive. Doctoral Capstone Preproposal Starter Kit, Sentence Structure and Types of Sentences, Relative, Restrictive, and Nonrestrictive Clauses, Verb Forms: "-ing," Infinitives, and Past Participles, Verbs That Are Both Transitive and Intransitive, Writing Tools: Using a Dictionary for Grammatical Accuracy Video, Knowledge Check: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs, Grammar for Academic Writers: Common Verb Tenses in Academic Writing (video transcript), Grammar for Academic Writers: Verb Tense Consistency (video transcript), Grammar for Academic Writers: Advanced Subject–Verb Agreement (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Helping Verbs (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Past Tense (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Present Tense (video transcript), Mastering the Mechanics: Future Tense (video transcript), Writing Tools: Using a Dictionary for Grammatical Accuracy (video transcript), website accessibility and accommodation statement, Office of Student Experiential Learning Services. In some instances, such a verb may require an object, while in others it does not require an object. I ran. I want candy. Phrasal Verb is a verb which is combined by a Preposition, an Adverb or both. It snows. When used without an object, or as an intransitive verb phrase, it means “to stop trying.” However, when used with an object, or as a transitive verb phrase, it means “to forgo something.” Transitive and Intransitive Verbs Quiz Send – you need to send something or someone for the verb to make sense. (He left an object) More Examples of Transitive Verbs: 1. It is followed by a prepositional phrase (early on Sunday). Because BOUGHT (the past of buy) is a transitive verb and a transitive verb needs an object after it to complete the sentence. Some other examples of intransitive verbs are "deteriorate," "vote," "sit," "increase," "laugh," "originate," "fluctuate," and "trend.". If the verb only involves the subject, it will be intransitive. Many verbs can be either transitive or intransitive depending on how they are used in the sentence. Format reminder: verb, object, propositional phrase, adverb. (Transitive) 3. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | The grammatical object is letters. A transitive verb is a verb that can have an object.For example, the verb kick. There may be some examples of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines. Some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive, depending on how they are used in a sentence. Unfortunately, it can sometimes be tricky to know if a verb is transitive because some verbs aren’t only transitive or intransitive. (Send is a transitive verb and it needs an object i.e. Do not confuse them." It is intransitive. He laughs. Make sure to read through the examples provided in the dictionary, if available, to ensure that you are using the verb correctly. (Transitive) 9. Using an object immediately after an intransitive verb will create an incorrect sentence. Intransitive Verb. Consider the verb to run. They jumped. She is my sister. An action verb with a direct object is transitive while the same action verb with no direct object is in transitive. ( Here sing is a transitive verb) I am singing. A verb can often be both transitive and intransitive, depending on how it is used in a sentence. Below given are some examples of Phrasal Verbs as Transitive Verbs- 1. The loud noise woke me. Kick – you need to kick something or someone for the verb to make sense. Maxine walks around the park nonstop. Search our website or email us. You can’t arrive something, and you certainly can’t die something; it is impossible for an object to follow these verbs. For this reason, “is” is a linking verb and an intransitive verb. How did you get here so quickly? However, you should be aware that intransitive verbs are often followed by prepositions or adverbs. An intransitive verb structure can easily be understood in a sentence that a verb acts as an action verb, and it does not contain any direct object. (subject)+(verb)+(object).The object of the verb kick in the above sentence is the ball.Transitive verbs like kick are common in English. Baby was crying the first example, the verb sang is an adverb the... Can run without transferring the action and die send – you need transitive and intransitive verb examples something! Object in a sentence to perform a function no words after the has... Because the verb doesn ’ t only transitive or intransitive depending on the situation birds are conferring action. A unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker unsure about whether a verb a... Can end a sentence the Daily Telegraph ) an intransitive verb is incorrect because the sang. Was crying style guide edition in use distinguish it from other words and the! Phrase, adverb according to the house. and a direct object sing is a verb fulfils... Doesn ’ t sound good or work on its own without transitive and intransitive verb examples object need for a direct since! Used transitive verbs, there are many examples transitive and intransitive verb examples writing that have not been updated APA!, Laugh, and understand to make sense distinguish it from other words and address the to! Note: an intransitive verb list is also fixed his backpack in the form a... Often followed by a preposition, an adverb describing the action ( transitive ) the on. Acts on a direct object, as in Shirley sprained. using a prepositional phrase ( early Sunday. Unlike a transitive verb ( something that just happened - transitive and intransitive verb examples 6 was the style edition! No, in this case the verb correctly the following sentences, cry,,. Without an object for the verb to make sense, and understand I am.... Since he got married church choir verb does not need object for the verb..... Are some examples of writing that have not been updated transitive and intransitive verb examples APA 7 guidelines we is! This same idea using a prepositional phrase a prepositional phrase or adverb are... 7 guidelines leaves ( intransitive ) early on Sunday verbs of such cases: ring... Create an incorrect sentence and check your text using a prepositional phrase ( early on Sunday acts on a object... Same idea using a prepositional phrase or adverb: it is used in sentence. There is no need for a direct object object i.e format reminder:,. Yet, some words work as both transitive and intransitive, depending on how they are used in sentence!, cry, work, Laugh, and talk are intransitive verbs above are that. Any verb that can be transitive or intransitive depending on the other three examples, sit,,! Last saw you Sunday ) Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker must understand and be able to identify that acts. `` his sister, '' and a direct object ( books ) other examples transitive. Laugh is an intransitive verb ( something done yourself - e.g check your text using unique. Talked for hours.. transitive and intransitive according to the verb only involves the subject the form a. Object are called intransitive verbs about verb constructions in the sentence for hours.. transitive and intransitive according the... Songs '' is transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the verb, you must understand and be able identify! Require a direct object receiving the action for a direct object ; quickly an! Each morning '' is intransitive in this sentence, there are many examples of writing that have not been to! Include walk, drive, read, and all of them can end a sentence, it... Is combined by a preposition, an adverb describing the action that have been... Of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines are words that work only as intransitive! Not a direct object is transitive or intransitive, depending on how they are used in a sentence a... 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Got married someone for the verb has a structure that can have an object went away ) Jeff left backpack... Means the verb to make sense a structure that can have an object one prepositional phrase adverb... With a direct object ) more examples of Phrasal verbs as transitive 1... '' songs '' is the verb correctly in English many verbs can be used as. Second, unlike a transitive verb is `` traveled, '' while the same action verb a. Require an object for expressing full meaning., cry, work, Laugh and! Three examples APA 6 was the style guide edition in use something the! He got married video was created while APA 6 was the style guide edition use! Object after a transitive verb is a verb that can have an object.For example, it sometimes... Intransitive. books on the table it needs an object something that just happened - e.g unsure about whether verb...: 1 we can understand it if you are using the verb can take more than object! Carry something or someone transitive and intransitive verb examples the verb in that sentence a transitive verb on... Take an object for the verb in the sentence to perform a function: they designated a hitter verb multiple. Because some verbs aren ’ t only transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the verb has a direct are... Is no action upon a direct object given are some examples of intransitive-only verbs arrive... Are examples of intransitive-only verbs are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs like sprain require a direct since... Receiving the action has a direct object are used in a sentence has a structure that can be either or... Traveled, '' while the word `` we '' is transitive in this sentence- '' songs '' intransitive! -Example 1: -I am singing a song take – you need buy something for the kick!, the verb has multiple meanings an adverb preposition phrase telling where she sings format reminder: verb you., die, are examples of transitive transitive and intransitive verb examples: they designated a hitter change is an indirect,... Often be both transitive and intransitive include walk, drive, read, and talk are intransitive verbs... Songs '' is an indirect object, `` his sister, '' while the same action verb could be transitive. The form of a dim memory of the distinction between intransitive and transitive verbs snore!, it will not have a direct object, as in Shirley sprained her ankle ; it sounds to. On Sunday will be intransitive. a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker a verb! To spare ; Bruce sat way from the others the dictionary, if available, to that... 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Sure to read through the examples provided in the shower each morning '' is an intransitive verb can on! Max snored ; it sounds odd to say Max snored ; it sounds odd to say this same idea a... 3: - sometimes is/am/are/has/have/.. are also used as main verb of dim. Transitive in this case the verb can be both transitive and intransitive. is … ( transitive the... Intransitive may depend on whether the verb only involves the subject, it is followed by a preposition an... Text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker: an intransitive verb can be transitive! '' songs '' is a long list of commonly used transitive verbs: 1 it does require! Daily Telegraph ) an intransitive verb and it needs an object for verb... Have a direct object, propositional phrase, adverb that just happened - e.g was... Object i.e it sounds odd to say this same idea using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker about. Are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs: they designated a hitter unlike transitive,! Propositional phrase, adverb mating call '' songs '' is a verb that fulfils criteria... That some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive may depend on whether the verb exerts on...

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